Fighting Youth Unemployment through Sports for Development – Palestine (West Bank & East Jerusalem)
Start of Research: 2016
Palestine is a country that is under lots of political and economic pressure associated with conflict and oppression from both the Israeli occupation and internal struggles between Fatah and Hamas political parties, thus the Palestinian society and especially youth have become increasingly split and suffering from many divisions and obstacles. One result is a very high unemployment rate amongst youth (39%). The dissertation will explore and analyse the role of sports for development (S4D) and the different interventions of S4D in increasing youth competencies and employability skills by focusing on the theoretical aspect of the education and employment system in Palestine, as well as comprehensive data from the field; youth, decision makers, policies, and statistics. It will also give an insight on the history of Palestine, the political implications, the economic and socio-cultural contexts, living conditions and youth immigration, the vocational education mindset and approach, and youth policies.
Working Title: Sport in development policy - development , approaches and implementation in Germany
Start of Research: 2014
With the establishment of the Sector Programme "Sport for Development" of the German Development Cooperation (GIZ ) in early 2013, the German development policy send a sign of change and reorientation. "Sport for Development" has become an overarching topic with numerous connections to different development objectives of the Federal German Government. It was recognized that sport is not only an important tool in the educational sector, but also in the areas of health promotion, violence prevention , gender equality , good governance , inclusion or environment. The aim of the project is the determination of the status and the transformation of sport in the development policy of Germany in the past and present.
Working Title: An Analysis of Sports Development in South Korea: Case Studies of ‘School Sport’, ‘Sport for All’ and ‘Elite Sport’
Start of Research: 2017
Elite sport in South Korea has improved dramatically over the past 60 years. However, focusing only on elite sport policy by the government has led to problems and a gap between school sport, sport for all and elite sport, which is the center of the current debate in the sport policy area. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyze sports development in South Korea, where it lacks of data about sport policy which adopted the macro and meso level approaches. To achieve the goals mentioned above, the thesis is divided into three parts: (1) school sport, (2) sport for all and (3) elite sport. All subjects will deal with the development of sport policy and the structure of the sport system. The thesis will define the notion of sports development and introduce the Korean history and cultural background in the literature review. In addition, the research will analyze case studies of the three topics in terms of the process of sport policy change and structure of sport system in South Korea. Theoretical approaches will be conducted as groundwork. The research interprets sports development by integrating macro and meso levels of analysis to explain the complicated Korean society. Methodologically a literature and documentary inquiry will be also conducted and semi-structured interviews will be undertaken with senior officers and experts who relate to sport institutions and organizations in South Korea. A document analysis will be carried out by gathering documents and data where three cases will be examined in depth. The expected results should address not only an empirical but also theoretical relevance.
Consequently, this research will contribute to informing about sports developments in South Korea, which currently lacks information about international comparative data in sport policy area.
“No normal sport in an abnormal society.“ Perceptions, effects and interdependences of protests in sport against the apartheid regime in South Africa between 1960 and 1994
Start of Research: 2013
My work belongs to the academic field of transnational history and examines how sport-related protest in South Africa, but also international protest – by the example of the Federal Republic of Germany, the German Democratic Republic and Great Britain - had an impact on this regime as well as on politics and society of the investigated countries.
This subject has not yet been investigated as it is difficult to find direct indicators for the impacts of protest. It is however undisputed in research that the sport-related protest led to a liberation of apartheid regulations. Its influence on the end of the apartheid regime in total, however, remains unclear and controversial.
On the one hand, the sports boycott is considered the most effective sanction in combating the apartheid regime. On the other hand, sport is said to have only a slight influence on the change of social deficits.
Object of this dissertation will be to weigh the different perspectives against each other in order to develop an own theory with regards to the impact on sport-related protest on the end of apartheid.
 Cf. Schlosshan, Andrea: Sport und Apartheid. Geschichte und Problematik der Rassendiskriminierung im Sport in der Republik Südafrika, Frankfurt am Main 1992, p. 207; Cornelissen, Scarlett: “Resolving the South Africa problem“: Transnational activism, ideology and race in the Olympic movement, 1960-91, in: The International Journal of the History of Sport 28 (2011), pp. 153-169, here p. 154.
 Vgl. Booth, Douglas: Hitting Apartheid for Six? The Politics of the South African Sports Boycott, in: Journal of Contemporary History 38 (2003), PP. 477-493, here p. 492.
Working Title: Modern sports – a trade-off between societal and economic influencing factors
Start of Research: 2017
The last few years saw a considerable increase in the number of the so-called modern sports, both nationally and internationally. The interests and expectations of various stakeholder groups (e.g. sports societies, the media, economic players) as well as the consideration of numerous economic and societal factors seem to play increasingly important roles when introducing and developing modern sports. Companies investing in such sports by means of tailored marketing and sponsorship strategies, sports associations and clubs considering to include them in their activities and the media coining society’s perception of these sports are only a few examples of the developments outlined above. Additionally, considering the societal dimension the question arises to which extent modern sports are likely to represent a change of the society’s understanding of sports.
This dissertation aims to carry out an in-depth analysis of modern sports with a focus on the impact of societal and economic factors on their development. Thereby, a stakeholder approach will be taken. By critically reviewing the potential trade-off between the two influences the researcher intends to expand and broaden the field of research on modern sports. So far, this area of research was mostly concerned with evaluating the specific characteristics and the development of modern sports in comparison to traditional sports.
Values in a sports club
Start of research: 2013
The importance of a sport club is based of its memberships, its resources and its financial possibilities. Mostly disregarded are the values within a sports club. Sports clubs stand for an internal and external integration of certain values. These values are an important aspect of modern society and take an impact on public life. The individual adapts certain values from other social contexts and introduces them in a sports club. The question of influence and meaning of values within a sports club on and for the individual the society and the state can be raised. Within the context of this thesis the change of values in the Ruhr area is of special interest. The panel study of values in a sports club is based on sources of chosen sports clubs. Sources are literature produced by the sports club such as celebratory publications, club papers or charters.
The European Commission's Diversification of the Sport Policy Field: increasing centralism or a classic case of spillover within a multi-level governance system?
Start of Research: 2010
As a PhD by published work, this thesis aims to revisit the activities of the European Commission (in particular but not exclusively within the years 2001 2011) to find evidence of a diversification of the sport policy field. This allows for a feedback loop towards two fundamental theoretical positions of European integration and relevant research: spillover as used in federalism/neo-functionalism as well as multi-level governance. Empirical evidence is provided through 15 already published papers within three problem areas: EU-sport articulation; anti-doping; Health-Enhancing Physical Activity (HEPA). The exercise of critically revisiting these papers was inspired theoretically by the model of the reflective practitioner.
Changes in youth development programs in Basketball in Germany, Lithuania and Spain since 1995 – Governance between Europeanization and Globalization?
Start of research: 2012
Marius Melzer focuses on the changes in youth development programs in Basketball in Germany, Lithuania and Spain. With a combination of theoretical approaches coming from Sports Europeanization, Sports Globalization and Sports Governance, he aims to discover how the increase of the possibilities to recruit basketball players has affected the youth development programs in these countries. Melzer sees the starting point of anintensification of the national youth development programs in the Bosman-ruling of the European Court of Justice, but the core of the developments in the interaction between the national federation and the first league clubs. Therefore, Melzer has analyzed the governance arrangement between these actors to find out why Spain and Lithuania constantly promote more young players than Germany.
"Spiritual Coaching" – Theological, social science and sport science perspectives on a new occupational area
Start of Research: 2011
Aim of this interdisciplinary project is to analyse moral concepts, ideals and lifestyle of professional soccer players in order to disclose the influence of the mentioned factors on their wellbeing and sport performance. Furthermore, the research focuses on deriving a "Spiritual and Life Coaching" model for the professional German soccer within reflecting the boundaries and possibilities of such a coaching model. As in the English and Brazilian soccer already spiritual coaching by so called "Sport Chaplains" is set in praxis, existent analysis of this area are used to develop the model. The collection of data in professional German soccer clubs is done by interviews with officials and players.
Impacts on sport of the changes of regime and transformation in Iraq and Egypt
Start of Research: 2012
Sports fulfill numerous functions between state and society. Sport serves in particular to form national group identities, fosters international understanding, enhances cooperation and exposes the individual. Although, sport is a widely autonomous system that follows specific rules and dynamics it is open to the allocation of meanings and new functions but also to societal changes. The ongoing revolutions in the Arabic world will not only impact the society but also the sports system by changing the framing circumstances and the functions or meanings of sport. The dissertation wants to consider and analyse these changes of the sport system among the current societal and political transformations.
Sport for Development (SFD) in South Korea: An Analysis of Process of Sport Policy Change and Evaluation of SFD Programmes
Start of research: 2016
In recent years, sport is considered as a practical vehicle to deal with social, cultural, and economic issues around the world. In particular, diverse sport programmes have been emerged to achieve the initiatives created by the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals. These initiatives are commonly called Sport for Development (SFD) programme or movement.
SFD programmes are concerned with sport participation, gender, socialisation, and education issues, and are directly related to children, women, disabled, and disadvantaged people. The implement of SFD is generally practiced by global North toward the global South, but several developing nations have recently implemented SFD programmes. This means that implementing SFD actions to promote social change is considered as a global trend around the world.
South Korea has become a sports power in the world with the help of huge investment in elite athlete development system and successful holding mega event such as the 1988 Olympic Games and the 2002 FIFA World Cup. In addition, South Korea is a country of the unique example whose status has changed from an aid-recipient country to a donor country. As a result, Korean government has been trying to have interest in international outreach and cooperation through sports programmes. For instance, Dream Together programme and Dream programme have been implemented as a part of SFD action in South Korea.
Despite increasing interests in SFD programmes, however, Korean sport policy in relation to SFD programmes tends to be political and short-termism for hosting mega event. Also, there has been little research for analysing change process of sport policy on SFD movement in South Korea compared to research, such as school sport, elite sport, and sport for all. In addition, the absence of scientific evidence of how sport activities contribute to dealing with social issues still indicates a significant gap between theory and practice.
Therefore, the aim of this thesis is to explore the change process of sport policy in South Korea in relation to Sport for Development (SFD). In addition, the thesis aims to evaluate and analyse Korean SFD programmes on the basis of Sport for Development Theory (SFDT), and then identify distinctive features of Korean SFD compared to international current SFD movement. Lastly, the thesis will pursue to suggest direction of improvement regarding SFD in South Korea.
Sport-political structures, contents and processes of the Spanish sport system
Start of Research: 2012
In the European area numerous journals and articles offer an overview about the development of national sport policies, describe the institutional structures of sport, organizational and financial framework conditions. Nevertheless, empiric-analytic nation studies to explain correlations between sport structures, processes and contents are missing as well as an theoretical fundament to analyse sport systems.
Deriving from the central question for the characteristic sport-political structures, processes and contents of the Spanish sport system three subordinated goals are defined: First the investigation of the theoretic-conceptual level by an adaption of the political scientific system theory including the terms of sport polity, sport politics and sport policy for the sport system of Spain as well as the effects of Europeanisation. On the typological level theoretically funded categories or typologies are developed to analyse the Spanish sport system. Focusing on some exemplary regions, the applicability of those typologies is empirically tested. Third the empiric-analytic level is examined by sequencing and summarizing of new and existent data about the Spanish sport system respecting special characteristics of single regions of Spain to relate sport political structures, processes and contents.
Perspectively, the elaborated categories can be used to enable a comparison of distinguished European sport systems what implies a certain degree of generalization to this paper.
Anti-Doping-Politics in the Federal Republic of Germany
Start of Research: 2012
Anti-Doping-Policy in Germany since 1990The project uses the theoretical and methodological instruments of political science to deal with the developments in the fight against doping in Germany, beginning in 1990. While findings from applied economics, sociology and history are taken as a starting point, the main aim of the analysis is to describe and understand the relationship and goals of different actors in the field of anti-doping-policy, using the framework of actor-centered institutionalism. To explain the influence of single actors, the project refers to a multi-dimensional theory of power. In addition, key ideas from political network-analysis, Tsebelis’ thoughts on veto-players and some basic components of the principal-agent-approach are taken into consideration.To gather information about the object of investigation, the study uses content-analysis as well as semi-structured guided interviews with policy-makers and decision-makers from sport organisations. It is the purpose of the study to systematically describe past developments, understand the current situation and develop different scenarios for the future with regard to their likeliness.
The role of athlete-commissions
Spiritual yoga tourism as a prevention in stressful stats. Potentials and limits of yoga tourism for the development of destinations: the example of Marocco.
Yoga and Meditation finds a great approval in the society today. New yogastiles are emerging and the old tradition from India, which has found its way into the Western wold through the US in the 1950s, is modernized and adapted to the everyday life of the Western society. Yoga promises relaxation, physical strengthening, mental fitness and a sense of harmony with body, mind and soul. The choice of products is growing steadily. Magazines, books, clothing, workshops, travel – spirituality has long become an economic sector. What is the target group for this emerging economic and social sector? Is the motivation for yoga and yoga tourism the stress factor, which is the couse of popular diseases in today’s society? Which are the main motives of the target group for a spiritual travel based on yoga? Is it the stress and escaping from everyday life? Is it the search for calm and relaxation with spiritual added value? These questions are to be considered in this dissertation project before it is determined which effects, opportunities and limits this has for the destination that offers spiritual tourism. How does spiritual tourism affects on sustainability? How can spiritual tourism be used in destination development and social projects? The aim of this project is to answer these questions and to set up a concept for destinations using the example of Marocco.
Sportpolicy of the Ukraine - from the beginning of the independence until today: Sport organisation, sport participation and sport promotional programmes in mass sport and leisure sport:
Start of Research: 2012
The aim of the scientific thesis is to analyse the Ukrainian sport policy, their structures and the processes which extent influence on the development of mass sport and leisure sport. The focus of the research are the governmental programmes and organisational measures which promote sport as well as the development of mass sport, leisure sport and the sport participation of the Ukrainian people. Since the independence of the Ukraine in the year 1991, numerous/ various measures were initiated to promote mass sport and leisure sport.These initiatives are analysed in this work with regard to their successes and limits.
This consideration is complemented by investigations concerning sustainability of the initiated measures. Finally, as a result of the previous steps, the efficiency and capability of the Ukrainian sport policy shall be presented exemplarily. The study refers to political and legal conditions by taking the historical and social characteristics of the country into account. Addionally, external factors, which influence the development of the mass sport and leisure sport directly or indirectly, are part of the analysis as well as the recent political and social events in the Ukraine in 2014.
A different gaze?
Alternative tourism in the light of individual hiking and trekking guidebooks
Start of Research: 2014
Since the origin of the tourism in the 19th century modern tourists have been consuming certain „sights“ on their journey: With the cultural studies by Ueli Gyr and John Urry this symbolic consumption was considered as an essence of modern tourism. Younger cultural-historical studies have examined these gazes in detail. They mostly have analyzed changes in the (visual) symbolic consumption in different phases of tourism development – especially from the middle-class tourism of the 19th century to the mass tourism of the 1960s and 1970s. The findings of these studies have shown that the romantic gaze of the bourgeoisie was replaced by a collective, sociable gaze of the mass tourism. However, these studies have not examined the tourist gaze of alternative tourism in the 1970s and 1980s.
The planned doctoral thesis will analyze the “alternative” gaze using alternative travel guides as “a visual school” (Müller 2012). The research question aims at asking whether an alternative gaze can be identified in alternative travel guides and whether such an alternative gaze can be characterised by the dichotomy between “romantically” and “sociably”. It will be shown in how far the analysis of alternative travel guides can be useful for the (media)-culture history of tourism, but also for the history of the alternative environment or for contemporary historical research about the decades “after the boom”.
- Arbeiter und Sport im Spannungsverhältnis von Solidar-, Betriebs- und "Volksgemeinschaft". Politische Aufladungen und Brüche des Arbeiter- und Werkssports in den 1930er Jahren, in: Marwart Herzog (Hg.): Die "Gleichschaltung" des Fußballsports im nationalsozialistischen Deutschland (Irseer Dialoge, Bd. 20), Stuttgart 2016, S. 211-241 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- Zwischen Tradition und Innovation: Die Rolle von alternativen Reiseführern in der touristischen Medienlandschaft, in: Kornelia Hahn/Alexander Schmidl (Hg.): Websites & Sightseeing. Tourismus in Medienkulturen, Wiesbaden 2016, S. 183-204.
- Freizeitsport – Sport und Bewegung in der Freizeit, in: Renate Freericks/Dieter Brinkmann (Hg.): Handbuch Freizeitsoziologie, Berlin 2015, S. 385-414 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- „Nach der Arbeit ist gut ruh´n … doch besser ist´s durch Sport was für den Körper tun“. Betriebssport im nationalsozialistischen Köln, in: Stephan Wassong/Ansgar Molzberger/Gabi Langen (Hg.): Siegen für den Führer. Der Kölner Sport in der NS-Zeit, Köln 2015, S. 66-99 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- How Adventurers Become Tourists: The Emergence of Alternative Travel Guides in the Course of Standardisation of Long-Distance Travelling, in: Comparativ 24 (2014) Heft 2, S. 36-51 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- Dopingbekämpfung durch die Hintertür? Die Anfangsphase der EU-Antidopingpolitik zwischen inkrementeller Konstitutionalisierung und diskursiver Kommunikation, in: Eberhard Meinberg/Swen Körner (Hg.): Doping – kulturwissenschaftlich betrachtet, St. Augustin 2013 (Reihe Brennpunkte der Sportwissenschaft), S. 79-100 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- Zwischen Konsum- und Stilhistoriografie: Perspektiven der Tourismusforschung als Gesellschaftsforschung. Till Manning: Die Italiengeneration. Stilbildung durch Massentourismus in den 1950er und 1960er Jahren, Göttingen: Wallstein-Verlag 2011, in: Moving the Social – Journal of Social History and the History of Social Movements 47 (2012), S. 227-231 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- Zwischen Individuum und Typus: Die deutschen sozialdemokratischen Abgeordneten des Europäischen Parlaments (1952-2011) in kollektivbiografischer Perspektive, in: Mitteilungsblatt des Instituts für soziale Bewegungen 45 (2011), S. 205-246 (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- Alternatives Wahrnehmungsmanagement. Touristische Leitbilder zwischen Tradition und Innovation, Zeithistorisches Forschungskolloqium, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 28.10.2015.
- Alternative Reise- und Wahrnehmungshilfen. Der Reiseführer als Vermittler von unkonventionellen Reiseleitbildern, im Rahmen der Tagung: webSITES & SIGHTSeeing. Tourismus in Medienkulturen, 23.-24. September 2014, Universität Salzburg, Abteilung für Soziologie und Kulturwissenschaft.
- Vom Reisen zum Tourismus – Der Aufstieg des Massentourismus im 20. Jahrhundert, Begleitveranstaltung zur Ausstellung „Campingkult(ur). Sehnsucht nach Freiheit, Licht und Luft“, 6. November 2013, Bochumer Zentrum für Stadtgeschichte (mit Jürgen Mittag).
- How Adventurers Become Tourists – the Role of Alternative Travel Guides and Tour Operators in the Course of Standardisation of Long-Distance Travelling, im Rahmen der Konferenz: Between Education, Commerce and Adventure. Tourist Experience in Europe since the Interwar Period, 19.- 20. September 2013, Zentrum für Zeithistorische Forschung, Potsdam (mit Jürgen Mittag).
Youth Sport Policy in Europe
Cross-National Comparison and the Perspectives of Europeanization
Start of research: 2015
The health and physical activity of children and teenager currently counts as polarizing topic. Nowadays, the topic children and youth sport - as the foundation of long-lasting physical activity – fills political agendas in Europe. Thereby the missing structures or the lacking cooperation between various stakeholder are criticized. Until now, the scientific research shows a reluctance to this research field. A cross-national comparison, concentrated on the structures and system of youth sport, does not yet exist.
The aim of the planned Doctoral Thesis lies within a systematic analysis of the multi-dimensional and complex policy field youth sport and a comparison at multinational level. Concretely the differences of the selected countries are examined and analyzed, in view of the to be investigated criteria in the youth sport area. Besides the multinational analysis and the consideration on supranational level, the policy field youth sport will be set in a European context and will be discussed with regard to the Europeanization approach.
Methodologically a literature and documentary inquiry will be conducted as groundwork. Building on this, expert interviews will be undertaken which will be evaluated with qualitative content analysis. Through theory and methodology, an applicable categorization should be developed to be able to investigate European youth sport system with a holistic design.
Consequently, the expected results should display not only an empirical but also theoretical relevance. Furthermore, the research should induce to further research, as well as should provide profitable implications for the investigated countries.