Research Projects

Current Projects

Visual and Tactile Feedback for Movement Optimisation in Golf

The project “XR as Training Method in Golf: Visual and Tactile Feedback for Movement Optimisation”, funded by the Federal Institute of Sport Science, aims to use technical devices to investigate the effect of tactile-visual feedback, in addition to exclusively visual feedback, during motor learning, that is, during a movement task specific to golf. For example, the wrist movement and its angular position during the execution of the pitch from a distance of 50m is investigated. The sensory feedback of the wrist movement will be provided/developed in relation to the assumed perfected wrist movement of a previously registered model. Using a training intervention, young athletes of the German Golf Association will regularly receive sensory feedback on their wrist movement over a longer period of time. The motor performance achieved at the end of the training intervention, with regard to the quality of movement execution, will be used to compare the forms of sensory feedback with each other and thus determine the relevance of tactile feedback. Since two sensory systems are involved and tactile stimuli in particular are closely linked to the sensation of motion, it is assumed that especially via tactile-visual feedback the golf swing, particularly the pitch, can be optimised quickly and efficiently and automated better in the long term. In the future, this could influence training and performance in golf.

Contacts: Mai Geisen, Timo Klein-Soetebier, Stefanie Klatt

Digital Methodology for the Investigation of Real and Mental Rotation

In sports, especially in compositional sports, rotational movements occur frequently. Research has shown that athletes, due to their regular practice of spatial activities, have better mental rotation abilities than non-athletes. The importance of frequent real rotation and improved mental rotation in athletes can be viewed from the embodied cognition perspective, which explains that motor and cognitive processes influence each other. So far, real and mental rotation have mostly been considered separately. By means of an innovative digital methodology, research opportunities are presented that specifically enrich research regarding embodied cognition, especially in sports science.

Contacts: Mai Geisen, Stefanie Klatt

Investigation of the Significance of Character Strengths in Sports

The model of the 24 Character Strengths (Peterson & Seligman, 2004), originally developed within the field of positive psychology, has already been investigated thoroughly in many areas of life, but not in the area of sports. In the context of work and school, constant relationships between character strengths and well-being as well as performance-related parameters have been found. On the basis of first questionnaire studies, the relationships between athletes’ character strengths and their performance levels are examined in different sports. Furthermore, relationships between character strengths and the general well-being as well as sports enjoyment of youth athletes will also be investigated. Based on the findings of these preliminary studies, interventions to promote specific character strengths, well-being, and performance of athletes can be developed and tested in a next step.

In addition, a systematic literature review is conducted to review the current state of research on positive psychology interventions in sports. The goal is to determine what the typical focus of positive psychology interventions in sports has been so far and what influence such interventions have on the well-being and performance of athletes.

Contacts: Nina Riedl, Stefanie Klatt

Third Party Funding

Federal Institute of Sport Science (BISp)

Federal Institute of Sport Science (BISp)

2022-2024 XR as Training Method in Golf: Visual and Tactile Feedback for Movement Optimisation

2021-2023 Skill and Qualification Profiles of Basketball Bundesliga Referees – General and Specific Evaluation of Physical and Cognitive Performance

2020-2021 The Influence of Gaze Behaviour in Connection with Social Interaction on the Performance of Beach Volleyball Teams

2020-2021 Elaboration of Individual Tactical Decision-Making Rules for High-Risk Shots in Golf

2019-2020 Relationship between Gaze Behaviour and Decision Making of Penalty Corner Strikers in Field Hockey

2019-2021 Analysis of Stress and Fear Reactions. Development of an Intervention Program for the Optimisation of Referee Performances in Volleyball

2018-2019 Sport-Specific Gaze Training for the Improvement of Batting Performance in Softball

2016-2017 Coordinated Gaze Behaviour in Beach Volleyball for the Improvement of the Decision Making of Elite Athletes



2021-2024 Multimodal Immersive Learning with Artificial Intelligence for Psychomotor Skills



2018-2019 The Impact of Multimodal Perception on Decision Making in Sport

Internal Research Funding of GSU Cologne

Internal Research Funding of GSU Cologne

2021-2022 Small Otters: Children and Sport – A qualitative investigation of expert interviews regarding the teaching specifics of the respective sport with a special focus on all those aspects that go beyond the usual methods related to technique, tactics and condition (FL1)

2020-2021 Perception Training in Table Tennis – Interference- and Redundancy Effects of Visual and Acoustic Stimuli in Table Tennis (FL2)

2018-2020 The Attention Window: An Analysis of Visual Attention Control

2015-2016 The Attention Window as a Diagnostic Performance Parameter

Further funded projects

Further funded projects

2021-2022 The Effects of Wingwave-Coaching on the Gaze Behaviour (Society for Neurolinguistic Coaching)

2021-2022 Additional substitutions in football: Effects on player load, tactical influence, match performance, and young player development (UEFA)

2018-2019 Analysis of the Change in Heart Rate Variability of Athletes through a Special Breathing Training (Commit GmbH)

2018-2019 The Influence of the Attention Window in the Decision-Making Performance in Football (Heinrich Hertz-Foundation)

2018-2019 Investigation of the Gaze Behaviour of Referees in the Basketball Bundesliga (easyCredit Basketball Bundesliga)

2017-2023 Performance Development through Wingwave-Coaching (Society for Neurolinguistic Coaching)

2016-2019 Attention Research in the Sports Games (Ministry of Innovation, Science and Research of the State of NRW)