At the interplay between motion-breathing-speech production
Im Rahmen eines neurowissenschaftlichen Kolloquiums hält Dr. Susanne Fuchs (Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft Berlin) den Vortrag „At the interplay between motion-breathing-speech production“.
Interessierte ZuhörerInen sind herzlich eingeladen, am Dienstag, 3. Juli 2018 um 13:00 Uhr s.t. im Rektoratsbesprechungsraum (Hauptgebäude) beim Vortrag dabei zu sein.
Our daily life is full of complex sensorimotor actions which are done simultaneously. For example, walking and talking at the same time. These actions may have competing demands on respiration: Breathing frequency increases with motion to supply the body with oxygen and decreases with speech to allow for constant expiratory airflow over long time windows to produce long speech streams. Breathing could therefore mediate between body motion and cognitive actions.
In my talk I will address three experiments where we tested the effect of different motions (cyclical motions with the arms or legs) on respiration and speech production. The dual tasks (moving and speaking simultaneously) are additionally compared to speaking and moving alone (single tasks). Data were recorded for ca. 40 participants using a multimodal setup, consisting of an OptiTrack, Inductance Plethysmography and speech acoustics.
Finally, I will give summary how oppositional approaches on the interaction between motion and cognition (processing costs in dual tasks and positive effects of motion on learning and memory) could be combined.
Susanne Fuchs is a group leader of the Laboratory Phonology group at the Leibniz-Zentrum Allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft in Berlin. She studied social psychology, speech science and therapy, and drama at the Humboldt Universität zu Berlin, did her PhD at QMUC in Edinburgh and a postdoc at GIPSA-lab in Grenoble. Her research interest lies in the biological grounding of speech. She is in the editorial board of Motor Control, Journal of Phonetics, and JIPA. She is a PI of an ANR-DFG Project on the effect of motion on cognition, which will start in October 2018.